Chronic Stress Disorder: What Is It Really?

The term chronic stress disorder is often used to describe the psychological condition known as complex post-traumatic stress disorder (C-PTSD). C-PTSD is similar to a post-traumatic stress disorder, but better accounts for symptoms experienced as a result of chronic, repetitive trauma.

People with C-PTSD have been exposed to a traumatic situation repeatedly or over a prolonged period of time. They experience certain characteristics that are distinct from PTSD, such as captivity or entrapment (either actual or perceived), the loss of trust and self-worth, and the loss of a coherent sense of self. C-PTSD leads to attachment issues, specifically insecure and disorganized-type attachment.

C-PTSD was introduced by Judith Herman in her book Trauma & Recovery. It has been discussed in scientific literature but is not currently a recognized clinical diagnosis. Chronic stress disorder is generally recognized as stemming from forms of trauma such as sexual abuse, physical abuse, emotional abuse, domestic violence, and torture. In each of these forms of trauma, the individual suffering is or feels unable to escape the situation.

Photo: Pexels

More Articles

People who spend much of their days in meetings have something to worry besides boredom, according to a study released by the Human Neuroimaging...

Dealing with the anxiety and depression of losing a loved one is difficult and can be hard to manage, but being able to move on from tragedy will...

While many people turn to medication to treat their anxiety, it is not the best or most appropriate choice for everyone. Medication can be very...

Inderal, known generically as propranolol, is a beta blocker that has been in use since the 1960s. Like other beta blockers, it was developed to...

Cortisol is a steroid hormone that is produced in response to stress, and it is a necessary part of the fight or flight response that helps the...