List of Anxiety Medications: Classifications and Categories

There are a number of anti-anxiety medications available, and they can be classified into several different categories of drugs. Not all medications work equally well for all people, so it may take a few tries and good guidance from a medical professional to find a medication or combination of medications that works well to control your anxiety. Commonly prescribed anxiety medications are as follows;

Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs)

These are commonly prescribed antidepressants that are also used to treat anxiety disorders such as panic disorder, OCD, PTSD, and social phobia:

  • Fluoxetine (Prozac®)
  • Sertraline (Zoloft®)
  • Paroxetine (Paxil®)
  • Citalopram (Celexa®)
  • Escitalopram (Lexapro®)

Serotonin–norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs)

A class of antidepressants commonly prescribed to treat generalized anxiety disorder (GAD):

  • Venlafaxine (Effexor®)
  • Duloxetine (Cymbalta®)

Benzodiazepines

Most often prescribed for short-term relief of panic disorder, phobias, and generalized anxiety:

  • Alprazolam (Xanax®)
  • Clonazepam (Klonopin®)
  • Diazepam (Valium®)
  • Lorazepam (Ativan®)
  • Oxazepam (Serax®)
  • Chlordiazepoxide (Librium®)

Tricyclic Antidepressants

Used to treat people with both anxiety and depression:

  • Imipramine (Tofranil®) - panic disorder and GAD
  • Clomipramine (Anafranil®) - OCD
  • Desipramine (Norpramin®)
  • Nortriptyline (Aventyl®, Pamelor®)
  • Amitriptyline (Elavil®)
  • Doxepin (Sinequan®)
  • Maprotiline (Ludiomil®)
  • Protriptyline (Vivactil®)
  • Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAOIs)

Type of antidepressant sometimes prescribed to treat anxiety disorders:

  • Phenelzine (Nardil®)
  • Tranylcypromine (Parnate®)
  • Isocaroxazid (Marplan®)

Beta Blockers

Most often prescribed for social phobia/anxiety; beta blockers treat physical symptoms of anxiety:

  • Propranolol (Inderal®)
  • Atenolol (Tenormin®)

Other

  • Buspirone (BuSpar®) - often compared to benzodiazepines, but a different type of medication used to treat GAD
  • Photo: Pixabay

More Articles

Stress and anxiety are largely a result of mental or emotional distress, causing feelings such as apprehension, fear, frustration, and anger....

If you suffer from an anxiety disorder, no matter how severe it is, you know the detrimental effects it can have on your mental state.

...

Perceived threats trigger the 'fight or flight' response—that sequential process that prepares you either to put up a fight to defend your life—...

During the winter months, when it’s always raining, my yellow Labrador has fairly constant anxiety. The sound of thunder breaking outside is...

Social anxiety disorder, sometimes called social phobia, is a very common type of anxiety disorder that affects approximately 15 million adults in...

SITEMAP