Childhood Cues Lead to OCD in Adults

Prior research into obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) has found it very difficult to conclusively prove the link between hypersensitivity and excessive ritual behavior; much of the work seems to suggest it, but there was never any statistical explicit link. Now, thanks to two studies conducted by Tel Aviv University, scientists have a much stronger understanding of the correlation between sensory processing and ritual behavior in childhood, and how those relate to OCD symptoms in adults.

In the first study, 61 parents were administered the CRI, which measures compulsive behavior in their children on a scale for both intensity and frequency. The children were given a shortened version of the Screen for Child Anxiety-Related Emotional Disorders (SCARED), which measures trait-anxiety based on five factors. They were also subjected to the Sensory Profile, measuring the sensory response to everyday stimuli.

Comparing ritualism, as measured by the CRI, to sensitivity, researchers found significant overlap. Even when anxiety was compensated for, the correlation was "moderate and significant, indicating that hypersensitivity was correlated with ritualism beyond a correlation with anxiety".

The second study was Internet-based and again measured compulsive, ritualistic OCD behaviors, trait anxiety, and hypersensitivity. The results corroborate those of the first study, showing sensitivity tied to obsessive-compulsive symptoms beyond what their link to anxiety would suggest.

Both studies were not without weaknesses; the first required indirect measurement of sensitivity and the second depended on the correct recollection of generic childhood behavior. Even so, the researchers involved believe their work explicitly demonstrates a link and will warrant future study.

The complete studies will appear in the Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry.

Source: Med Page Today
Photo: Pixabay

More Articles

Need a gift for that special anxious person in your life? Here are enough ideas to cover the 12 days of Christmas (or 12 birthdays).

...

While anxiety disorders in children are often overlooked, they are actually the most common childhood psychiatric problem. Children can suffer...

Lexapro is an SSRI antidepressant that is FDA approved for the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). It is one of the antidepressants...

Just because a thought visits your mind does not mean it is true. Negative thoughts about yourself and speculation about what’s going to happen...

We are aware of which foods to avoid when struggling with generalized anxiety disorder, but knowing which items can actually help reduce your...

More Articles

Tenormin (known generically as atenolol) is a beta blocker often used to control the physical symptoms of anxiety. Beta blockers are quite...

You heard a rumor of more layoffs at work, have not met your monthly quota, and are finishing up an important presentation at the last minute. You...

Stress can strike anyone at any time, but anxiety occurs when stress is present for an extended amount of time, from several months to several...

The essential amino acid tryptophan is the precursor to serotonin, a neurotransmitter that helps regulate a number of important brain functions....

When it comes to treating anxiety disorders, cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) has proven to be quite effective. CBT focuses on treating anxiety...

Nortriptyline, marketed in the United States under the trade names Pamelor and Aventyl, is a tricyclic antidepressant approved by the FDA to treat...

What is an Anxiety Disorder? An “anxiety disorder” is an umbrella term that refers to a number of different mental health conditions. While...

The terms anxiety and stress are often used interchangeably, and it is true that they are related conditions with many of the same symptoms....

If you suffer from a generalized anxiety disorder, you probably feel fearful a lot of the time. Don’t let fear and anxiety rule your life!...

Agoraphobia is a disorder that develops when a person begins to avoid situations associated with anxiety. It arises from an anxiety condition that...

I subscribe to the Psychotherapy Networker e-newsletter and just read a great article by Nancy Errebo, Psy. D., about using EMDR with a returning...

Uncontrollable shaking can happen when your arms, hands, legs and even your entire body may feel shaky or like they are trembling.

Some...

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, more commonly known as SSRIs, are a class of prescription drugs first developed to treat depression....

Death anxiety is the fear we experience when contemplating or facing our own mortality. Like much of our anxiety, it is an anticipation of pain...

The monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI) tranylcypromine (brand name: Parnate) is an antidepressant sometimes used for the treatment of anxiety...