Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors For Anxiety

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, more commonly known as SSRIs, are a class of prescription drugs first developed to treat depression. SSRIs are some of the newest and most prescribed antidepressants, and they are also commonly used in the treatment of anxiety disorders.

SSRIs Block The Reabsorption of Serotonin

SSRIs work by altering brain chemistry, specifically levels of the neurotransmitter serotonin. They are called “selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors” because they block the reabsorption of serotonin while appearing to leave other neurotransmitters largely unaffected. They begin working in the brain immediately, but it takes 4 to 6 weeks before they reach their full effectiveness at alleviating symptoms of anxiety. A low dose will be prescribed at first, and the dosage will be increased gradually until the desired results are achieved.

SSRIs are generally thought to be a very safe medication, and generally, have fewer side effects than some of the older antidepressants that are also used to treat anxiety. Some of the most common side effects are nausea, insomnia, tremors, and sexual dysfunction. With the exception of sexual side effects, most are short-lasting and will subside after a few weeks of taking the medication.

SSRIs Can Be Effective But Are Not For Everyone

Treatment for anxiety disorders should be tailored to the specific person. SSRIs are often effective and commonly prescribed, but are not be the best option for everyone. Many studies have found that a combination of medication and psychotherapy is particularly effective for anxiety sufferers, and SSRIs are often prescribed in combination with other treatment methods in order to achieve the best and longest-lasting results.

Photo: Pxhere

Anxiety Support Groups

More Articles

Lexapro is an SSRI antidepressant that is FDA approved for the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). It is one of the antidepressants...

No one is immune to anxiety and panic attacks, including celebrities. Actress Amanda Seyfried recently told British Glamour magazine that she is...

Panic is real, and panic disorder is considered to be an illness. A panic attack is very painful and feelings of depression and helplessness may...

SAM-e, or S-Adenosylmethionine, is a chemical that naturally occurs in the human body and is essential for many biological processes. Although SAM...

The latest research into the therapeutic possibilities of hallucinogenic mushrooms adds more weight to the argument that psilocybin, when taken in...

More Articles

According to the DSM-IV, people suffering from a medical condition should only be diagnosed with a social anxiety disorder (SAD) if the anxiety is...

Psychology professionals often recommend their clients adopt a pet as part of their mental health treatment. Or, they might prescribe structured...

When you struggle to fall asleep night after night due to severe anxiety, you may find your symptoms getting worse; lack of sleep is one of the...

When it comes to treating social anxiety disorder, there are three types of medication that are commonly prescribed: antidepressants,...

Sometimes the best antidote to anxiety is the humor of Woody Allen. He has a genius for turning thoughts that make us quake with fear into ideas...

Folic acid, also known as vitamin B9, is a water-soluble vitamin that is necessary for healthy growth and development. There is significant...

Elavil (known generically as amitriptyline) is a tricyclic antidepressant that was approved by the FDA back in 1961 for treatment of major...

The antidepressant doxepin (originally marketed by Pfizer under the brand name Sinequan) is a tricyclic antidepressant approved to treat anxiety...

People with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) may experience heightened levels of anger, and this emotion can worsen symptoms associated with the...

A new study reports that computer programs are able to use brain scans to distinguish between healthy individuals and those at risk of developing...

Norpramin is a tricyclic antidepressant that is approved by the FDA to treat depression and also prescribed off-label for the treatment of some...

Psychological problems associated with nausea and vomiting include anxiety nausea. Nausea and vomiting are, in most cases, harmless....

According to new research by investigators from Michigan State University, people who are chronic or habitual worriers are at a higher risk for...

How much does the mental health of an expectant father influence the emotional and behavioral development of his unborn child? Norwegian...

We know it is necessary to breathe but do not always appreciate how important it is to breathe well.

In all types of meditation, energy...